The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) was implemented to improve the overall quality of crime data collected by law enforcement.  NIBRS captures details on each single crime incident—as well as on separate offenses within the same incident—including information on victims, known offenders, relationships between victims and offenders, arrestees, and property involved in the crimes.

Unlike data reported through Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s traditional Summary Reporting System—an aggregate monthly tally of crimes—the NIBRS data goes much deeper because of its ability to provide circumstances and context for crimes. It includes reporting up to ten offenses within a single incident and additional aspects about each event, like location, time of day, and whether the incident was cleared. Ultimately, NIBRS will improve the detail and overall quality of crime data, which will help law enforcement and communities around the country use resources more strategically and effectively.  The following articles outline many of the advantages of the transition:  Summary Reporting System to NIBRS: The Path to Better UCR Data and Questions NIBRS Can Answer.

The UCR Program is actively working to increase NIBRS participation by partnering with the Bureau of Justice Statistics on the National Crime Statistics Exchange, working with advocacy groups to emphasize the importance of NIBRS data for the public and the law enforcement community, and transitioning the UCR program to a NIBRS-only data collection by January 2021.  The FBI has documented the efforts of two states, Minnesota and Georgia, as they to work to achieve their transitions to NIBRS.  For more information about the NIBRS transition, contact the NIBRS staff of the FBI’s UCR Program via telephone at (304) 625-9999 or email at UCR-NIBRS@fbi.gov.